The PMBOK Refresher

What is a Project?

Copyright © 2017 by Tomislav N. Krnich

To see an answer, click or touch its question:

  1. How many purposes does a project have?
    • The PMBOK Guide does not explicitly say that a project is limited to a single purpose or objective, but we can argue, that based on the limited information provided by the PMBOK Guide, that it has a single primary purpose.
  2. What are the three types of project purposes?
    1. To create a unique product.
    2. To create a unique service.
    3. To create a unique result.
  3. What is a project?
    • It is a temporary effort, or endeavour, to create a unique product, unique service, or unique result.
  4. The temporary nature of a project is defined by what two characteristics?
    1. It has a definite beginning.
    2. It has a definite end.
  5. What three events indicate the end of a project?
    1. When its objectives have been achieved,
    2. when its objectives cannot be achieved, or
    3. when its objectives are no longer needed.
  6. Does “temporary endeavour” mean the project duration must be short?
    • No.
  7. Does temporary endeavour mean the project’s product, service, or result must be short-lived?
    • No.
  8. What is meant by a project being a temporary endeavour or effort?
    • The project duration is not a permanent endeavour.
  9. May the result of a project be permanent?
    • Yes.
  10. May the result of a project be temporary?
    • Yes.
  11. May the result of a project be tangible?
    • Yes.
  12. May the result of a project be intangible?
    • Yes.
  13. May a project include processes that repetitively deliver the same product or activity?
    • Yes.
  14. Do repetitive processes change the fundamental and unique characteristics of a project?
    • No.
  15. Since the permanent (on-going) work effort in an organization and the temporary work effort in a project may include repetitive processes, how is a repetitive process distinguished as a permanent effort or temporary effort?
    • The temporary effort creates a “unique” product, service, or result. While on the other hand, the permanent effort creates a “common” product, service, or result.
    • Also, the temporary effort may depend on “non-routine activities.” While on the other hand, the permanent effort will depend on “routine activities.”
  16. May a project be undertaken at any level in an organization?
    • Yes.
  17. May a project be undertaken by an individual?
    • Yes.
  18. May a project be undertaken by an multiple individuals?
    • Yes.
  19. May a project be undertaken by multiple organizational units from multiple organizations?
    • Yes.
  20. May a project create a product that may be either an item, a component of an item, or an improvement of an item?
    • Yes.
  21. May a project create a service or a capability to perform a service?
    • Yes.
  22. May a project create an improvement in an existing product or service?
    • Yes.
  23. May a project create a result that causes an effect or causes an outcome?
    • Yes.
  24. May a project create a document?
    • Yes.
  25. May a project be undertaken by a single organizational unit?
    • Yes.
  26. May a project be used for improving a business process?
    • Yes.

 

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