What is Program Management?
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What is the definition for a program?
- A set of related projects, subprograms, and program activities that are all managed in a coordinated way to obtain benefits that could not be achieved if managed individually.
May a program include elements of related work that are outside the scope of its projects?
- Yes. Special tasks, processes, and work which are outside the scope of any project, but help meet the objectives of the program may be included.
Must a project exist within or be part of a program?
- No, projects can be autonomous events that have objectives outside of and not related to any program.
Must a program contain projects?
- Yes, because a program’s existence depends on having projects.
What is the definition of program management?
- The application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to a program in a coordinated way to obtain benefits and control that could not be achieved if its projects were managed individually.
How are the projects in a program related to each other?
- They share a common objective, outcome, or collective capability.
When should a set of projects be managed as a portfolio instead of a program?
- If the projects do not share the same objectives, but do a share the same client, seller, technology, or resource.
What does program management focus on?
- Managing the interdependencies and relationships between projects.
What is program management’s objective?
- To optimize the interdependencies and relationships between projects.
Name three common activities that program management may use for managing the interdependencies and relationships between projects?
- Resolving resource constraints and conflicts that affect multiple projects.
- Aligning project and program objectives with organizational and strategic directions.
- Resolving issues and managing change within a shared governing structure.