The PMBOK Refresher

What is Program Management?

Copyright © 2017 by Tomislav N. Krnich

To see an answer, click or touch its question:

  1. What is the definition for a program?
    • A set of related projects, subprograms, and program activities that are all managed in a coordinated way to obtain benefits that could not be achieved if managed individually.
  2. May a program include elements of related work that are outside the scope of its projects?
    • Yes. Special tasks, processes, and work which are outside the scope of any project, but help meet the objectives of the program may be included.
  3. Must a project exist within or be part of a program?
    • No, projects can be autonomous events that have objectives outside of and not related to any program.
  4. Must a program contain projects?
    • Yes, because a program’s existence depends on having projects.
  5. What is the definition of program management?
    • The application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to a program in a coordinated way to obtain benefits and control that could not be achieved if its projects were managed individually.
  6. How are the projects in a program related to each other?
    • They share a common objective, outcome, or collective capability.
  7. When should a set of projects be managed as a portfolio instead of a program?
    • If the projects do not share the same objectives, but do a share the same client, seller, technology, or resource.
  8. What does program management focus on?
    • Managing the interdependencies and relationships between projects.
  9. What is program management’s objective?
    • To optimize the interdependencies and relationships between projects.
  10. Name three common activities that program management may use for managing the interdependencies and relationships between projects?
    1. Resolving resource constraints and conflicts that affect multiple projects.
    2. Aligning project and program objectives with organizational and strategic directions.
    3. Resolving issues and managing change within a shared governing structure.

 

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